2 edition of President under the Indian Constitution found in the catalog.
President under the Indian Constitution
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Includes bibliographical references
|Statement||by K.M. Munshi|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||54 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||54|
This can be described as partly flexible and partly rigid. As per the procedure laid out by article for amendment of the Constitution, an amendment can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament. The other continuing candidates receive the votes of excluded candidate. Krishnamachari was also elected as second vice-president of Constituent Assembly. Although the "special majority", required by article is prima facie applicable only to the voting at the final stage, the Lok Sabha Rules prescribe adherence to this constitutional requirement at all the effective stages of the Bill, i.
Financial Emergency Under article If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen whereby the financial stability or credit of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened, he may by a Proclamation make a declaration to that effect. Article 4 provides that laws made by Parliament under article President under the Indian Constitution book relating to admission or establishment of new States and article 3 relating to formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States effecting amendments in the First Schedule or the Fourth Schedule and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters, shall not be deemed to be amendments of the Constitution for the purposes of article Emergency provisions in India are borrowed from Weimar Constitution of Germany. After this, value of valid votes secured by each candidate is totalled. It was revoked in The League would then get its Pakistan—which the Cabinet Mission had so ruthlessly denied it—minus Assam, East Punjab and West Bengal, while the Congress which was taken as the representative of the people of India other than the Muslims would get the rest of India where the Muslims were in minority.
He President under the Indian Constitution book of the opinion that rigidity tends to check progressive legislation or gradual innovation. Though the purpose of this article is to give more powers to central government to preserve the unity and integrity of the nation, it has often been misused  by the ruling parties at the centre, who used it as a pretext to dissolve state governments ruled by political opponents. Explaining why it was necessary to introduce an element of flexibility in the Constitution, Jawaharlal Nehru observed in the Constituent Assembly on 8 November"While we want this Constitution to be as solid and as permanent a structure as we can make it, nevertheless there is no permanence in Constitutions. Elections postponed for unavoidable reasons like war, epidemic or natural disasters. The first two emergencies were in the face of external aggression and War. Beyond securing a good and workable Constitution it has no axe to grind.
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The result was that on December 9,when the Constituent Assembly first met, the Muslim League members did not attend, and the Constituent Assembly began to function with the non-Muslim League members.
Creation President under the Indian Constitution book mechanisms for Panchayati Raj local self governance. They are associated in the process of the amendment only through the ratification procedure laid down in articlein case the amendment seeks to make any change in any of the provisions mentioned in the proviso to article If partition were decided upon, each part of the Legislative Assembly would decide, on behalf of the areas it represented, whether it would join the existing or a new and separate Constituent Assembly.
Amendments 38th Constitutional Amendment Act It empowered president to proclaim national emergency on different grounds even though an emergency is already under operation 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act i It empowered president to modify or vary national emergency. Of these, were actually present on the 26th November,and appended their signatures to the Constitution as finally passed.
Finally, the number of legislators in state matters; if a state has few legislators, then each legislator has more votes; if a state has many legislators, then each legislator has fewer votes. The judgement established strict guidelines for imposing president's rule. The Attorney General.
Parliament will have an axe to grind while the Constituent Assembly has none. President's rule was promulgated after being fully aware that the earliest parliament session is feasible at the end of May after the general elections.
After several session the consideration of the clauses or second reading was completed by the 17th October, The period of one month's notice applies to such a Bill also.
Also, such treaties are subject to the approval of the parliament. Indians on balance serve longer prison terms than non-Indians for the same crimes. For example, assuming the total value of valid votes polled by all candidates is 5,00, Today especially, when the world is in turmoil and we are passing through a very swift period of transition, what we may do today may not be wholly applicable tomorrow.
According to this provision, the president's rule can only be extended President under the Indian Constitution book a year every 6 months under the following conditions: There is already a national emergency throughout India, or in the whole or any part of the state.
The Provinces would be free to form Groups with executives and legislatures, and each Group would be competent to determine the provincial subjects which would be President under the Indian Constitution book up by the Group organisation.
It is said that this Constituent Assembly is not elected on adult suffrage while the future Parliament will be elected on adult suffrage and yet the former has been given the right to pass the Constitution by a simple majority while the latter has been denied the same right. These recruitment are done either by selection interview or through competitive examination.
It was reimposed again unconstitutionally on 28 April by the president.Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution. 67th: Amend article 4 October Article amended to permit President's rule up to four years in the state of Punjab.
68th: Amend article 12 March Article amended to permit President's rule up to five years in the state of Punjab. 69th. Jun 26, · Article 55(3) of Indian Constitution requires that the President should be elected in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
It prevents the exclusion of minorities from the benefits of the State, and to give each minority group an effective share in the political life. A society to critically engage with the history and contemporary relevance of the Indian Constitution.
Constituent Assembly Members. Who framed the Indian constitution and what were their roles in Indian constitution making? The Indian Constitution in the Classroom. Law, History and Politics.The president pdf India is the head of state of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Pdf.
The president is referred to as the first citizen of India.   Although vested with these powers by the Constitution of India, the position is largely a ceremonial one and executive powers are de facto exercised by the prime minister.May download pdf, · List of All () Articles of the Indian Constitution.
All the articles of the Indian constitution are very important for any kind of competitive examination. First of all, you need to remember these articles to gear up your general knowledge as well as it is our (We the Indian) duty to know about our constitution.In India the scheme of distribute of sources of revenue ebook the Centre and states is based on the scheme laid down in the Government of India Act The constitution of India provides for the appointment of finance commission under Art.
which itself whose very unique feature of flexibility.